Crimes Against Humanity: Uttar Pradesh CM Faces Criminal Case in a Swiss Court


Syed Ali Mujtaba   

CHENNAI — A criminal case has been filed against Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath in a court in Switzerland.

Guernica 37 Chambers, a London-based specialised group of international criminal and human rights lawyers, said in a statement that a complaint has been filed against Adityanath with the Office of the Swiss Federal Prosecutor under the principle of universal jurisdiction as provided in Article 264 of the Swiss Criminal Code that deals with “genocide and crimes against humanity.”

The complaint was filed on January 17.

The law chambers has accused Yogi Adityanath of committing crimes against humanity in Uttar Pradesh between December 2019 and January 2020 to suppress protests against the adoption of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA).

Toby Cadman, the founder of the Guernica 37 Group and Joint Head of G37 Chambers, said that both the contents of the criminal report and the details of victims, complainants and petitioners are being kept confidential for their safety.

The statement says, “Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath is reported to have ordered false imprisonment, torture, and murder of civilians between December 2019 and January 2020 in the state of Uttar Pradesh to suppress protests against the adoption of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA).

“As set out in the criminal report, these acts may amount to crimes against humanity as they are alleged to have been committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilians, mostly the Muslim population in the country,” the statement reads.

The statement has also stated that there is “sufficient basis” to believe that senior members of the UP government, including the Chief Minister, “are responsible for ordering the UP police under their command.”

The Chief Minister’s role in the escalation of police violence, the statement said, is particularly apparent in his speech given on December 19, 2019, calling on the police to take “revenge” against protesters. Despite being an Indian State official, the Chief Minister does not enjoy diplomatic immunity for these crimes,” the statement reads.

After the Citizenship Amendment Act was passed in December 2019, many individuals, especially those belonging to the Muslim community, took to the streets staging peaceful protests. Several of them were arrested and attacked by the police.

“The UP police reportedly killed 22 protesters, at least 117 were tortured and 307 were arbitrarily detained,” Guernica 27 Chambers said and added that the criminal complaint states that Yogi Adityanath, who is the final executive authority over police in Uttar Pradesh, “failed to investigate and prosecute the alleged crimes.” 

Further, the statement said that neither the domestic law, the international law, or the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court acceded to the individual complaints that the “escalation of violence and impunity requires urgent actions to hold the perpetrators accountable.”

The Guernica 27 Chambers further asserted that “the opening of an investigation by the Swiss authorities will serve as official recognition and acknowledgment of the gravity of the alleged crimes and recognition of the status of the victims, that they have thus far failed to receive at the domestic or international levels, and it will further serve as evidence that the culture of impunity will not be tolerated.”

Toby Cadman stated that the case has been filed under Article 264a of the Swiss Criminal Code which deals with crimes against humanity. He added that the course of action has been pursued “as there have been no meaningful attempts to hold the perpetrators accountable in India.”

The law firm had last year filed a similar submission with the United States government, asking for ‘targeted sanctions’ against Yogi Adityanath. The law firm requested the US Treasury to impose sanctions on Yogi Adityanath. “This is a process that takes some time and is not made public unless the US government makes public the imposition of sanctions,” it said. The law firm further stated that a similar request was made to the Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office (FCDO) of Britain as well.

The move came amidst an invitation to Adityanath to participate in the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) event that was held in Davos, Switzerland, between January 16 and 20.


Syed Ali Mujtaba is a journalist based in Chennai. He can be contacted at

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