[dropcap]E[/dropcap]xperts on terrorism, intelligence agents, writers, editors and analysts in the West are constantly seeking the answer to one question: Why do people join the so-called Islamic State (IS)? They have come up with numerous theories; they have talked about poor kids from city suburbs, about uneducated and ignorant people and about bored people looking for adventure. Some describe this phenomenon as “the attractive force of a utopian politics,” while others have maintained that these people set out with the aim of “having a story of their own.”
However, many of those theories have been shelved now, as it has gradually been realized that the group contains large numbers of wealthy people, people with careers, academics, doctors and engineers, and that many come from well-off backgrounds.
Some have declared that those who join the organization have “mental problems.” The response to that came from John Horgan, a psychologist and a professor at the University of Massachusetts Lowell’s Center for Terrorism and Security Studies: “Because of what terrorists do, we assume that can be explained via the pathology of those people, but trying to explain terrorism as mental illness is misleading.”
Horgan and others have had to eliminate all the possibilities they had hypothesized. Because neither poverty, nor boredom, nor mental illness can explain why people from almost every country in the world are so determined to overcome all difficulties to become part of a system in which people die and are killed with ease. Nobody would hurl himself into a war, leaving behind his family and all he owns for the sake of “having a story.” He would never accept death so swiftly and unconditionally.
People are currently joining the IS from all over the world, from European countries to Kazakhstan, from Australia to Somalia and from Russia to Tunisia. The number of people joining the IS is rising all the time, despite the losses inflicted on it and the powerful weapons and aerial bombardments of the coalition. European countries such as France and Germany head the lists of these figures.
As the ideological infrastructure of radicalism has spread in an uncontrolled manner (and sometimes in a manner controlled by certain covert forces) it has begun threatening a wide swath of territory also including Europe. The radicalism that ensued triggered Islamophobia, though the proponents of Islamophobia failed to see that they are further encouraging radicalism in a way they never desired.As the numbers of those seeking a solution in destroying Islam and Muslims, who do not want Muslims in their country and who sit back and watch the oppression of Muslims in the world has grown, this has further served to incite hatred. The horrifying images left behind by the coalition forces’ interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq were the final straw. Nobody could or did remain unmoved by the western powers’ indiscriminate killing of families and destruction of homes. Savagery inevitably incites hatred.