US Congressional Briefing: Assam Evictions Bid to Turn Millions of Indian Muslims Into Non-Citizens


Assam eviction victims who are shelterless and depending on NGOs for food and everything. — Internet photo

The briefing was co-sponsored by a group of 17 human rights and interfaith organisations, including IAMC, Amnesty and Hindus for Human Rights

Press Release

WASHINGTON – In a Congressional Briefing on Monday, ​​leading Indian American human rights defenders condemned an Indian government drive to forcibly remove hundreds of thousands of Muslims from their homes in the Indian state of Assam, calling the move a brazen attempt at turning millions of Indian Muslims into non-citizens. The briefing was co-sponsored by a group of 17 human rights and interfaith organisations, including the Indian American Muslim Council (IAMC), Amnesty International USA and Hindus for Human Rights.

In the wake of this targeted anti-Muslim discrimination, the speakers demanded that the United States designate India a Country of Particular Concern, or CPC. According to the US Department of State’s Office of International Religious Freedom, a CPC is a nation that is “engaged in or [tolerates] particularly severe violations of religious freedom,” including “flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of persons.” India has been recommended by the US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) to be placed on the CPC list for two years in a row.

Aman Wadud, Fulbright Scholar at UT Law and defence lawyer for multiple NRC victims, spoke on the fear of mass statelessness that is growing among Muslims in the region.

“This reverification is not because of any demand for excluding illegal migrants that have crept in. It is a political demand,” said Wadud, who in 2020 testified before the USCIRF on India’s alarming rates of anti-Muslim discrimination. If this process of asking India’s own citizens to prove their citizenship [begins] again, [all] people will live in fear. [All] people’s dignity will be stripped.”

Siddhartha Deb, journalist and author, referred to the discriminatory nature of the eviction drives. “With or without the NRC, or with endless NRCs going on, Bengali Muslims in Assam are targets,” he said. “The US government needs to make it very clear to Modi that this kind of targeting of Muslims in Assam, around the country, is not acceptable. I think there is a very good reason to declare India a Country of Particular Concern.”

“In recent years, the BJP’s aggressive CAA-NRC politics has exacerbated the divisions stemming out of the common belief that ‘indigenous’ Assamese are losing their land to ‘illegal Bangladeshi migrants’ and has overlaid a unique Hindutva agenda on top of them,” said Nadim Khan, co-founder of the United Against Hate campaign and secretary of the Association for Protection of Civil Rights in India (APCR). “The BJP has been exploiting the ethnic and religious fault lines in Assam for electoral gains, and running a hate campaign against Muslims, who account for one-third of the state’s population.”

Even Hindus who find themselves left off the registry face difficulties. Under the anti-Muslim Citizenship Amendment Act, Bengali-speaking Hindus do have the option to re-apply for citizenship. However, even if they have been living in Assam for generations, the rules of the CAA force them to claim that they are Bengali refugees and not Indians by birth.

Deb who has written on the Assam evictions for the New York Times, emphasised that the discrimination does not stem from a vacuum. “In India, when we say Muslims are under attack, we also need to be saying that democracy is under attack, freedom is under attack. It all goes together.”

The Indian American Muslim Council is committed to working with human rights advocates in the US and in India to safeguard India’s pluralism and religious freedom for people of all faiths.


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