NEW DELHI — Tipu Sultan, the 18th century monarch of the erstwhile Mysore kingdom in southern India, was indeed a “tiger” whose roar frightened even the British empire, which lost three wars and eventually failed to make him surrender.
The eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali, Tipu (1750-1799) is also hailed as the “Tiger of Mysore” for fighting the British East India Company’s advances and protecting his kingdom.
Tipu Sultan attained martyrdom in a battle with the British army in 1799 while defending his fort at Srirangapatna near Mysuru.
On May 4, 1799 Tipu Sultan was laid to rest. He was born on November 20, 1750
Tipu Sultan, whose original name was Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Sahab ruled the kingdom of Mysore, which he inherited from his father Haidar Ali. His bravery, valour and skills were so talked about that French commander-in-chief Napolean Bonaparte once sought an alliance with the ruler of Mysore.
The Tiger of Mysore is credited with developing an early, indigenous rocket known as the Mysorean rocket, a prototype of British Congreve rockets used in the Napoleonic wars.
Tipu Sultan was a secular and tolerant monarch. His tolerance is reflected in his annual grants to no less than 156 temples, which included land deeds and jewellery, according to a historian.