NEW DELHI — The Supreme Court of India on Monday asked all states and union territories to comply with its 17th July order within one week to check rise in incidents of mob lynching and cow vigilantism. In the last two months after the verdict, around one dozen incidents of mob lynching have occurred in different parts of the country, killing at least six Muslims in them.
The Supreme Court bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice D. Y. Chandrachud and Justice A. M. Khanwilkar passed the order when senior Advocate Sanjay Hegde, appearing on behalf of petitioner and Congress leader Tehseen Poonawalla, told the apex court that several states are yet to submit their compliance report in the light of the judgment that carried preventive and remedial measures to check the menace.
The bench required Adv. Hegde to prepare a state-wise compilation of the victims of mob violence who have not received any compensation and to notify the concerned state counsel.
Senior lawyer Indira Jaising also moved an application for contempt against the state of Rajasthan in the wake of the Alwar lynching episode which occurred just three days after the Supreme Court’s 17th July verdict. She expressed that there should be fear of law in those who take the law into their hands.
The apex court had directed the Centre and states to take preventive, punitive and remedial measures to stop lynching incidents in future.
“The measures that are directed to be taken have to be carried out within four weeks by the Central and the State Governments. Reports of compliance be filed within the said period before the Registry of this Court,” the court had ordered.
It had also urged the Parliament to enact a separate law to punish offenders participating in lynching of persons.
Several People Have Been Lynched Even After SC Order
Since 17th July when the SC passed a long judgement against mob lynching and cow vigilantism, around one dozen incidents of lynching have occurred in different parts of the country. Below is a list of some of these incidents:
— Akbar or Rakbar Khan was lynched over suspicion of cattle smuggling in Alwar district of Rajasthan on 20th July.
— A mentally-challenged woman was lynched on suspicion of child lifting in Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh on 22nd July.
— 22-year-old Ajmal Vahoniya was beaten to death by a mob on suspicion of mobile theft in Dahod district of Gujarat on 28th July.
— 52-year-old Farooq Shiekh Hussain was lynched in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh Saturday on 31st July.
— A 25-year-old man was beaten to death by a mob over suspicion of cow theft in Palwal district of Haryana on 2nd August.
— A retired policeman Abdul Samad Khan, 70, was beaten to death by a group of people allegedly over a property dispute in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh on 3rd September.
— MBA graduate Farooq Khan, 26, was lynched by a mob on suspicion of vehicle theft in Manipur on 14th September.
Some Of The Directions of Supreme Court:
— The State Governments shall designate, a senior police officer, not below the rank of Superintendent of Police, as Nodal Officer in each district. Such Nodal Officer shall be assisted by one of the DSP rank officers in the district for taking measures to prevent incidents of mob violence and lynching.
— The State Governments shall forthwith identify Districts, Sub-Divisions and/or Villages where instances of lynching and mob violence have been reported in the recent past, say, in the last five years.
— The Nodal Officer, so designated, shall hold regular meetings (at least once a month) with the local intelligence units in the district along with all Station House Officers of the district so as to identify the existence of the tendencies of vigilantism, mob violence or lynching in the district and take steps to prohibit instances of dissemination of offensive material through different social media platforms or any other means for inciting such tendencies.
— The Director General of Police/the Secretary, Home Department of the concerned States shall take regular review meetings (at least once a quarter) with all the Nodal Officers and State Police Intelligence heads. The Nodal Officers shall bring to the notice of the DGP any inter-district co-ordination issues for devising a strategy to tackle lynching and mob violence related issues at the State level.
— It shall be the duty of every police officer to cause a mob to disperse, by exercising his power under Section 129 of CrPC, which, in his opinion, has a tendency to cause violence or wreak the havoc of lynching in the disguise of vigilantism or otherwise.