Tarek Amara | Reuters
TUNIS — Tunisians went to the polls on Sunday to vote for their first directly elected president, in the final step to be taken to full democracy after the 2011 revolution that ended the rule of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali.
More than three years since overturning Ben Ali’s one-party rule, Tunisia has become a model of transition for the region by adopting a new constitution, the politics of compromise and avoiding the turmoil facing its neighbors.
“Another distinguished day in the history of Tunisia,” said Mouna Jeballi, voting in Soukra district in Tunis. “Now we are the only country in the Arab world, who does not know who their president will be until after the vote is finished.”
Sunday’s vote follows the general election in October when the main secular Nidaa Tounes party won the most seats in the parliament, beating the Islamist party Ennahda that had won the first free poll in 2011.
Nearly four years after the uprising Tunisia needs stability, with the new government facing the need to make the tough reforms in public spending demanded by international lenders to boost growth and create jobs, while also managing a crackdown on Islamist militants.
Most analysts predict neither Essebsi nor Marzouki will win enough votes to avoid a second round of voting in December.
“Tunisians will have their say and I will accept their choice to consolidate Tunisia’s transition,” Essebsi told reporters after voting.
Cooperation Between Islamists, Secular Rivals
Deal-making between secular and Islamist rivals has been a feature of Tunisia’s political success, including Islamists taking a more flexible approach to allowing officials in the Ben Ali era to return to politics.
But the ascent of former ministers and members of Ben Ali’s RCD party is worrying some critics who say they fear their return will be a setback for the revolt against one-party rule and rife corruption.
Essebsi and other former officials say they were not involved in the abuses of the former regime, presenting themselves instead as technocrats having the skills which the country now needs in government.
A new Nidaa Tounes-led government will be formed after the presidential ballot. But the narrow lead it holds over the Islamists of Ennahda in parliament will mean tough post-election negotiations over the new administration.
Ennahda has not put forward a presidential candidate or backed anyone, leaving its supporters’ choice open.
However, Marzouki will seek to pull in Islamist support with his message of stopping the return of Ben Ali-era officials.“The old regime wants to impose itself on these elections, especially after they won the most seats in the parliament,” said bank employee Mohammed Souilmi before the vote.