NEW DELHI — Amid huge protests across the country, the Centre on Friday announced that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act or CAA has come into force from January 10, 2020.
In a gazette notification, the Union home ministry said the Act under which non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan will be given Indian citizenship, will come into force from January 10.
“In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section  of the section 1 of the Citizenship [Amendment] Act, 2019 [47 of 201], the central government hereby appoints the 10th day of January, 2020, as the date on which the provisions of the said Act shall come into force,” the notification said.
The CAA was passed by the Parliament on December 11, 2019.
According to the CAA, members of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities who have come from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan till December 31, 2014 facing religious persecution there will not be treated as illegal immigrants but given Indian citizenship.
There have been widespread protests against the act in different parts of the country. The protests are being attended by the people from every walk of life including politicians, doctors, lawyers, academicians students from across the communities and not Muslims only sparking violence at many places.
The students community from various universities in India also hit the roads and organised protests against the Act
In Uttar Pradesh, the violence erupted during anti-CAA protests caused many lives allegedly by police high-handedness.
Those who are opposed to the legislation say that granting citizenship on the basis of religion violates the basic tenets of the country’s Constitution.
However, the government and the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has been defending the Act saying that the minority groups from the three countries have no other option but to come to India when they face religious persecution there.
The home ministry, however, is yet to frame the rules for the act, reports PTI.