12.3% Spike in Crimes Against Women Last Year, Says NCRB

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A new report titled ‘Crime in India 2022’ shows more crimes against women across 19 metro cities. Uttar Pradesh registered the highest number of crimes against women at 65,743 cases.

Team Clarion

NEW DELHI — Crimes against women in 19 metro cities across the country registered an increase of 12.3 per cent in 2022, according to a National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report.

The data also showed a spike of 12.3 per cent across the 19 metro cities in 2022, versus the preceding year.

The report, titled ‘Crime in India 2022’, is based on data collected from 36 states and Union territories as well as the central agencies. The NCRB annual report made public on Sunday said crimes against women, children, senior citizens, Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) rose by 4 per cent, 8.7 per cent, 9.3 per cent, 13.1 per cent and 14.3 per cent respectively in 2022.

Of these, crimes against senior citizens numbered 28,545 cases compared to 26,110 cases in 2021. A bulk of these cases (7,805, or 27.3 per cent) involved injury, followed by theft (3,944, or 13.8 per cent), and forgery, cheating and fraud (3,201 or 11.2 per cent).

In terms of types rather than targets, economic offences increased by 11.1 per cent, corruption by 10.5 per cent and cybercrimes by 24.4 per cent in 2022.

The national capital of Delhi registered a 4 per cent increase in crimes against women in 2022, versus 2021 figures.

NCRB is a government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code and Special and Local Laws. The report’s release this year was delayed by at least five months; it is usually made public by July or August every year.

New Delhi Leads the Table

Across cities, New Delhi led the table with an ignominious record of 14,158 cases of crimes against women, with a 72.4 per cent chargesheet rate. In Mumbai, 6,176 cases of crimes against women were recorded, with an 80.6 per cent chargesheet rate, while Bengaluru recorded 3,924 cases, with a chargesheet rate of 74.2 per cent.

Among states, Uttar Pradesh registered the highest number of crimes against women under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL), with a 75.6 per cent chargesheet rate and 65,743 cases registered in all. Next up, Maharashtra registered 45,331 cases, with an 80.6 per cent chargesheet rate, and Rajasthan recorded 45058 cases, with a low chargesheet rate of 54 per cent.

In the 19 metropolitan cities with populations above 2 million — Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Ghaziabad, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune and Surat — a total of 48,755 cases of crimes against women were registered during 2022, showing an increase of 12.3 per cent over 2021 (43,414 cases).

Across states and Union territories, according to NCRB data in the 70th edition of its annual report, a total of 445,256 cases of crime against women were registered during 2022, showing an increase of 4 per cent over 2021 (428,278 cases).

The majority of cases of crimes against women were registered under sections of the law dealing with ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives’ (32.6 per cent), followed by ‘kidnapping and abduction of women’ (19.4 per cent) and ‘assault on women with intent to outrage their modesty’ (17.9 per cent). A further 13.2 per cent were crimes against girls, registered under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

Crimes Against Children

The NCRB data also showed a total of 162,449 cases of crimes against children registered across the surveyed states and Union territories during 2022, an increase of 8.7 per cent over 149,404 cases recorded an  year earlier.

“In percentage terms, major crime heads under “Crime Against Children” during 2021 were kidnapping and abduction (45.7 per cent) and POCSO Act, 2012 (39.7 per cent), including child rape. The crime rate registered per lakh children was 36.6 in 2022, in comparison with 33.6 in 2021,” stated the report.

In metropolitan cities, 20,550 cases of crimes against children were registered in 2022, an increase of 7.8 per cent over 9,055 cases in 2021. In percentage terms, the majority of these were kidnapping or abduction (56.3 per cent), followed by POCSO Act cases (32.2 per cent).

A total of 30,555 cases were registered across states against juveniles in 2022, a decline of 2 per cent from 2021 (31,170 cases).

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